Traditional Knowledge Traditional Cultural Expressions and Intellectual Property Law in the Asia Pacific Region

Traditional Knowledge  Traditional Cultural Expressions  and Intellectual Property Law in the Asia Pacific Region Author Christoph Antons
ISBN-10 9789041127211
Year 2009
Pages 394
Language en
Publisher Kluwer Law International

Among the many contentious matters thrown up by the relentless march of economic globalization, those forms of knowledge variously known as 'indigenous' or 'traditional' remain seriously threatened, despite numerous transnational initiatives and highly publicized debate. It is not proving easy to bring these holistic worldviews into accordance with the technical terms and classifications of intellectual property law. The contributions in this volume contrast efforts to find solutions and workable models at the international and regional level with experiences on the ground. Legal policies related to 'indigenous knowledge' in settler societies such as Australia and New Zealand are compared with those in densely populated neighbouring countries in Asia, where traditional knowledge is often regarded as national heritage. While many of the chapters are written by lawyers using an interdisciplinary approach, other chapters introduce the reader to perspectives from disciplines such as legal sociology and anthropology on controversial issues such as the understandings of 'art,' 'culture,' 'tradition,' 'customary law' and the opportunities for traditional cultural knowledge and traditional cultural expressions in an Internet environment. Experienced observers of the international debate and regional experts discuss international model laws as well as legislation at regional and national level and the role of customary law. Topics covered include the following and much more: the concept of 'farmers' rights'; biodiscovery and bioprospecting; traditional knowledge as a commodity; encounters between different legalities; geographical indications; registration requirements; sanctions, remedies, and dispute resolution mechanisms; the ongoing fragmentation and loss of traditional knowledge; and systems of data collection.

Archaeology 2 0

Archaeology 2 0 Author Eric Christopher Kansa
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822039591235
Year 2011
Pages 295
Language en
Publisher Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

Outcome of a session held at the 2008 meeting of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA) in Vancouver, British Columbia.

Intellectual property rights and communications in Asia

Intellectual property rights and communications in Asia Author Pradip Thomas
ISBN-10 0761934987
Year 2006-10-30
Pages 262
Language en
Publisher Sage Publications Pvt. Ltd

RIGHT-WRONG; LEGAL-ILLEGAL. Such simple binary notions cannot be used to assess issues related to intellectual property and communications. One of te key dilemmas in the field of intellectual property rights today is the need for a system that rewards innovation and creativity while encouraging the social availability and distribution of ideas in the public domain. And this is the balance that this volume sets out to strike. With the ownership of IP becoming a core feature of media/information industries and state policy, issues related to access to knowledge and its use have become a matter of critical concern. While trade regimes, the state and the core cultural and information industries have begun to advocate greater scope for a variety of knowledge enclosures, civil society is increasingly arguing for a people-centred vision of knowledge futures. This vision includes the need for equity-based and flexible licensing regimes; the legitimacy of local solutions to IP-related issues; support for cultural diversity; and access to knowledge based on need rather than the ability to pay for knowledge. The central argument of this volume is that since access to knowledge in a knowledge economy is a passport to a better quality of life, then its fair distribution and universal availability ought to become a standard norm. The articles in this volume explore the contested nature of the ownership of and access to knowledge and support it with illustrative case studies from the Asian region. Exhaustively discussed from the point of view of the dominant ‘power’ interests as also the ‘margins’ (or indigenous communities), this volume provides emerging solutions supportive of public domain.